Xenobiotic Intrinsic Clearance in Freshly Isolated Hepatocytes From Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Determination of Trout Hepatocellularity, Optimization of Cell Concentrations and Comparison of Serum and Serum-Free Incubations

  • Publication Date :
  • Publication Type : Journal Article
  • Author(s) : Han X, Mingoia RT, Nabb DL, Yang CH, Snajdr SI, Hoke RA
  • Journal Name : Aquatic Toxicology

Aquatic Toxicology. 2008;89(1):11-17

Abstract: Metabolism plays an important role in bioaccumulation of xenobiotics in fish. In vitro determination of xenobiotic intrinsic clearance (CLint) in trout hepatocytes and subsequent extrapolation to in vivo hepatic clearance (CLH) using the “well-stirred” liver model greatly improved our current practice of bioaccumulation assessment [Han, X., Nabb, D.L., Mingoia, R.T., Yang, C.H., 2007. Determination of xenobiotic intrinsic clearance in freshly isolated hepatocytes from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and rat and its application in bioaccumulation assessment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41, 3269–3276]. In an effort to further optimize this approach, we experimentally obtained the value of trout hepatocellularity (HT), a key scaling factor in the “well-stirred” liver model. HT was determined to be (540 ± 12) × 106 cells/g liver for male trout. We also investigated the potential effect of different cell concentrations on the determination of CLint values of molinate, 4,4-bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone, 4-nonylphenol, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol, and benzo(a)pyrene. Linear relationships were established between clearance rates and cell concentrations at 1 × 106, 2 × 106, 5 × 106, and 10 × 106 cells/mL. This suggests that under our experimental conditions, CLint determination was independent of hepatocyte concentrations. In order to better understand the “in vitro binding” effect in in vitro-to-in vivo scaling, we obtained CLint values for the above-mentioned compounds in trout hepatocytes that were suspended in trout serum. Incubations in serum, in general, resulted relatively larger prediction of CLH values. Our findings suggest that in bioaccumulation assessment, the traditional medium incubation method offers a conservative estimate on fish metabolism of xenobiotics and the serum incubation approach could be used for certain classes of compounds that are of challenge for in silico prediction of their plasma and in vitro binding properties.

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