The Inhibin B Response to a Motilin Receptor Agonist in Male Rats

  • Publication Date :
  • Publication Type : Journal Article
  • Author(s) : Ziejewski MK, Vidal JD, Stanislaus D, Apostoli A, Chowdhury P, Laffan S
  • Journal Name : Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology

Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology. 2013;98(1):63-71

Background: In a repeat oral dose toxicity study, all of 16 male rats given 100 mg/kg/day GSK1322888 sustained testicular injury after 4 weeks of treatment; the findings were not reversible after 12 weeks off-dose. The current study was conducted to further characterize testicular toxicity and to explore the possible relationship between onset of lesions, and changes in circulating hormone levels.

Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats were orally administered 30 or 100 mg/kg/day GSK1322888 for 2 weeks with a 4-week off-dose period. Blood was collected via tail vein twice during the treatment period (days 4 and 11) and three times during the off-dose period (days 28, 36, and 42) for measurement of serum testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and Inhibin B, luteinizing hormone, and follicle stimulating hormone concentrations. A histopathologic examination of testes was performed at the end of the treatment and off-dose periods.

Results: At 100 mg/kg/day, microscopic findings of the testis (degeneration of the germinal epithelium) were evident for 9 of 10 male rats on day 14 and all 10 rats at the end of the 4-week recovery period. There was no testicular toxicity observed at 30 mg/kg/day. During all stages of evaluation, there was no apparent difference among control and treated animals in hormone concentrations.

Conclusion: There was poor correlation between changes in serum levels of Inhibin B and testis histopathology. Based on these observations, the utility of Inhibin B as a hormonal marker for germ cell toxicity is limited.

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