Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee (GTTC)

Mission Statement

The mission of this committee is to improve the scientific basis of the interpretation of results from genetic toxicology tests for purposes of more accurate hazard identification and assessment of human risk; to develop follow-up strategies for determining the relevance of test results to human health; to provide a framework for integration of testing results into a risk-based assessment of the effects of chemical exposures on human health; to promote the integration and use of new techniques and scientific knowledge in the evaluation of genetic toxicology; and to monitor and promote the development of innovative tests and testing strategies.

Recent News

The United Nations subcommittee on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals is examining whether or not to revise it’s definition of a germ cell mutation. Changes to the definition could impact the classification and labeling for many chemicals. HESI’s Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee Germ Cell Working Group is working to support their evaluation by re-visiting existing data regarding a substance’s molecular interaction with germ cell DNA. The working group will provide their opinion on what positive endpoints in somatic tissues and/or level of exposure in gonads would allow classification and labelling as a germ cell mutagen.

Working Groups

  • Historical Control Distribution (HCD)

    The GTTC HCD Working Group is querying laboratories about their experiences with compiling, maintaining and using historical control data and distributions for genetic toxicology assay acceptance and evaluation. The compiled data will be used to determine where consensus approaches exist and, where possible, make recommendations on compiling, maintaining and monitoring historical control data and distributions.

    Historical Control Distribution Working Group Survey
    The GTTC HCD Working Group is querying laboratories about their experiences with compiling, maintaining and using historical control data and distributions for genetic toxicology assay acceptance and evaluation. The compiled data will be used to determine where consensus approaches exist and, where possible, make recommendations on compiling, maintaining and monitoring historical control data and distributions.

    Completed surveys should be sent to Connie Chen (cchen@hesiglobal.org) by April 15, 2022.

    Please download both the survey (excel-based survey) and the PDF instructions that you can use as a reference.

    NOTE: If you have trouble editing the xls file survey please try two things: 1) Enable editing 2) Enable macros

     

    Leadership Team:
    Robert Smith (Labcorp)
    Robert Heflich (US Food and Drug Administration)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

  • Evaluation of New Compounds: Nanomaterials

    The work group has evaluated the current testing paradigm for genotoxicity assessment of nanomaterials and is publishing the findings and recommendations for modifying the tests as needed. They are currently considering publishing a series of protocols for genetic toxicity testing of products containing nanomaterials.

    Leadership Team:
    Rosalie Elespuru, PhD (US Food and Drug Administration)
    Shareen Doak, PhD (Swansea University)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

  • In Vivo Follow-Up

    This work group was formed in 2016. This working group focused on providing more detailed advice about which in vivo tests to choose to follow-up on in vitro positive results and how to conduct the tests. As a first step, the group compared data for 90 chemicals for the transgenic rodent assay, the in vivo comet assay, and cancer data. This work was published in Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis in January 2019 in an article titled “A Comparison of Transgenic Rodent Mutation and In Vivo Comet Assay Responses for 91 Chemicals.” Two follow-up areas include (1) providing best practices on the in vivo comet assay and collecting data on substances that are positive (i.e., induce micronuclei [MN]) in vivo and (2) comparing the plasma concentrations at the lowest effective dose (LOED) with the lowest effective concentration (LOEC) for MN induction in vitro, which could shed some light as to whether there is any relationship between LOEC and LOED for MN-inducing compounds.

    Leadership Team:
    Dan Roberts, PhD (Charles River Laboratories)
    David Lovell, PhD (St. George’s University of London)
    Matt LeBaron, PhD (Dow Chemical Company)

    HESI Staff:
    E’Lissa Flores, PhD

  • Mode of Action

    The MOA Work Group established four subteams to develop tubulin binding, topoisomerase II inhibition, aurora kinase inhibition, and reactive oxygen species activation adverse outcome pathways (AOPs). These AOPs will be submitted to the OECD AOPWiki site, a public repository for approved AOPs. Once these four subteams complete their work, the goal will be to merge them with the Clean Sheet Work Group.

    Leadership Team:
    Mirjam Luitjen, PhD (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, The Netherlands)
    Jan van Benthem, PhD (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, The Netherlands)
    Stefan Pfuhler, PhD (Procter & Gamble Company)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

  • Germ Cells

    Work for this group is centered around establishing/enhancing protocols for conducting genotoxicity assessment of effects to germ cells. After a series of publications in 2019, the group is finalizing a review on the impact of analyzing mutations in fast proliferating tissues at 28+28. This group is also considering future projects and the course of action for 2020–2021.

    The United Nations subcommittee on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals is examining whether or not to revise it’s definition of a germ cell mutation. Changes to the definition could impact the classification and labeling for many chemicals. HESI’s Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee Germ Cell Working Group is working to support their evaluation by re-visiting existing data regarding a substance’s molecular interaction with germ cell DNA. The working group will provide their opinion on what positive endpoints in somatic tissues and/or level of exposure in gonads would allow classification and labelling as a germ cell mutagen. The terms of reference and work program information can be found here: UN-SCEGHS-ToR GCM IGW

     

    Leadership Team:
    Jan van Benthem, PhD (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, The Netherlands)
    Francesco Marchetti, PhD (Health Canada)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

  • Pig-a Assay

    This work group had their Detailed Review Paper (DRP) and a Validation/Retrospective Performance Analysis document accepted by OECD. It is currently drafting a Test Guideline to be reviewed and accepted by OECD in the future.

    Leadership Team:
    Steven Dertinger, PhD (Litron Laboratories)
    Bob Heflich, PhD (US Food and Drug Administration)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

  • Quantitative Analysis

    The work group is evaluating chemical data and enhancing tools for genetic toxicology dose-response modeling. The group has a planned 2020 virtual EMGS workshop scheduled for December 2020. Additionally, the group is planning to present at the International Workshops on Genotoxicity Testing (IWGT) 2021 meeting and is working on publishing guidance for the standard use and regulatory acceptance of using the benchmark dose (BMD) approach with genetic toxicology data.

    Leadership Team:
    George Johnson, PhD (Swansea University)
    Andreas Zeller, PhD (Roche)

    HESI Staff:
    E’Lissa Flores, PhD

  • Mechanism-based Genotoxicity Risk Assessment

    The MGRA Working Group will develop a new mechanism-based risk assessment paradigm for genotoxicity, based on the Clean Sheet approach and using genotoxicity AOP’s including the ones developed by GTTC. Case studies will be used to demonstrate the usefulness of innovative, mechanism-based, testing approaches to the scientific and regulatory community in a real risk assessment context. A series of workshops will also be established to identify challenges and hurdles for acceptance of innovative methods, where successful examples will be discussed with relevant stakeholders.

    Leadership Team:
    Mirjam Luitjen, PhD (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, The Netherlands)
    Jan van Benthem, PhD (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, The Netherlands)
    Stefan Pfuhler, PhD (Procter & Gamble Company)

    HESI Staff:
    E’Lissa Flores, PhD

  • Error-Corrected Sequencing

    This group is evaluating error-corrected next-generation sequencing (NGS) as an alternative methodology for evaluating in vivo mutagenesis. Over the past year, the group worked to qualify this platform in a second species and other mouse strains and began to work out the details on a technology transfer. Currently, the group is discussing the different workstreams/subgroups that would need to be established to move this project to the next phase, along with collaborations with both the eSTAR and CT-TRACs committees.

    Leadership Team:
    Bob Young, MS (MilliporeSigma)
    Francesco Marchetti, PhD (Health Canada)
    Sheroy Minocherhomji, PhD (Amgen)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

  • In Vitro

    This newly established work group started this year with the following goals: (1) critically evaluate NAMs for in vitro genotoxicity testing, (2) envision how NAMs could expand current in vitro genetic toxicology testing strategies (e.g., developing a weight-of-evidence approach), and (3) make recommendations for creating an “in vitro only” approach for genetic toxicology testing that would meet the needs of various regulatory decision-makers.

    Leadership Team:
    Giel Hendriks, PhD (Toxys B.V.)
    Stepahnie Smith-Roe, PhD (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Toxicology Program)

    HESI Staff:
    Connie Chen, PhD, MPH

HESI Staff

Leadership Team

  • Mirjam Luijten, PhD

    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, The Netherlands

  • Stephen Dertinger, PhD

    Litron Laboratories

Committee Events

Applied Genetic Toxicity for Regulatory Decision Making: The Road Ahead

Potsdam, Germany

Applied genetic toxicology is undergoing a major paradigm shift towards changing the strategies employed for assessment of chemically-induced genomic damage, evaluation methods of the mechanisms by which that damage translates into adverse effects, and the quantitative methods used to interpret dose-response data. This ...

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Workshop Agenda

Workshop Objectives

Mirjam Luitjen, RIVM

Path Forward for Genetic Toxicity Assessment

Kerry Dearfield, Former USDA

The New Strategy in Practice: Case Study Examples

Veronique Thybaud, Sanofi & Nicholas Ball, DOW

Incorporating Mode of Action into Genetic Toxicity Assessment

Roland Frötschl, BfArM, Germany

Novel Approaches and Technologies to Assess Genotoxic Modes of Action

Stefan Pfuhler, Procter & Gamble

Genetic Toxicity Mini-Adverse Outcome Pathways (mini-AOPs)

Azeddine Elhajouji, Novartis

Approaches for Analyses and Interpretation of Genetic Toxicity Dose-Response

Paul White, Health Canada

Quantitative Dose-Response Analyses for Risk Assessment and Regulatory Decision Making: Issues, Applications, and Challenges

George Johnson, Swansea University

Background and Objectives
Applied genetic toxicology is undergoing a major paradigm shift towards changing the strategies employed for assessment of chemically-induced genomic damage, evaluation methods of the mechanisms by which that damage translates into adverse effects, and the quantitative methods used to interpret dose-response data. This shift entails a movement away from simple dichotomous evaluations of genotoxicity (i.e., yes/no), that only supports identification of potential carcinogens, and towards a greater understanding of the diversity of adverse outcomes related to genomic damage, of the multitude of mechanisms (or modes of action) underscoring genomic damage, and the ability to determine point of departure metrics for human health risk assessment and regulatory decision making. Moreover, advanced technologies to investigate genotoxic mechanisms and to analyze dose-response functions are being developed and incorporated into assessments of genomic damage.

 

This workshop was organized by the HESI Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee (GTTC). The HESI GTTC brings together an international cohort of genetic toxicologists from industry, academia, and government to address issues related to all aspects of genetic toxicity assessment. These aspects include the development and validation of assessment approaches, technologies and strategies for mode-of-action determination, and approaches for data interpretation. The GTTC is comprised of experts in the fields of genetic and general toxicology, risk assessment, and computational biology. The workshop will examine a new generation of testing strategy for assessment of genomic damage, new approaches and technologies for mode-of-action determination and interpretation, and recent developments in quantitative interpretation of genetic toxicity dose-response data.

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Workshop Agenda

Workshop Objectives

Mirjam Luitjen, RIVM

Path Forward for Genetic Toxicity Assessment

Kerry Dearfield, Former USDA

The New Strategy in Practice: Case Study Examples

Veronique Thybaud, Sanofi & Nicholas Ball, DOW

Incorporating Mode of Action into Genetic Toxicity Assessment

Roland Frötschl, BfArM, Germany

Novel Approaches and Technologies to Assess Genotoxic Modes of Action

Stefan Pfuhler, Procter & Gamble

Genetic Toxicity Mini-Adverse Outcome Pathways (mini-AOPs)

Azeddine Elhajouji, Novartis

Approaches for Analyses and Interpretation of Genetic Toxicity Dose-Response

Paul White, Health Canada

Quantitative Dose-Response Analyses for Risk Assessment and Regulatory Decision Making: Issues, Applications, and Challenges

George Johnson, Swansea University

Background and Objectives
Applied genetic toxicology is undergoing a major paradigm shift towards changing the strategies employed for assessment of chemically-induced genomic damage, evaluation methods of the mechanisms by which that damage translates into adverse effects, and the quantitative methods used to interpret dose-response data. This shift entails a movement away from simple dichotomous evaluations of genotoxicity (i.e., yes/no), that only supports identification of potential carcinogens, and towards a greater understanding of the diversity of adverse outcomes related to genomic damage, of the multitude of mechanisms (or modes of action) underscoring genomic damage, and the ability to determine point of departure metrics for human health risk assessment and regulatory decision making. Moreover, advanced technologies to investigate genotoxic mechanisms and to analyze dose-response functions are being developed and incorporated into assessments of genomic damage.

 

This workshop was organized by the HESI Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee (GTTC). The HESI GTTC brings together an international cohort of genetic toxicologists from industry, academia, and government to address issues related to all aspects of genetic toxicity assessment. These aspects include the development and validation of assessment approaches, technologies and strategies for mode-of-action determination, and approaches for data interpretation. The GTTC is comprised of experts in the fields of genetic and general toxicology, risk assessment, and computational biology. The workshop will examine a new generation of testing strategy for assessment of genomic damage, new approaches and technologies for mode-of-action determination and interpretation, and recent developments in quantitative interpretation of genetic toxicity dose-response data.

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Committee Publications

Mutagenesis Special Issue: Quantitative Genetic Toxicology (2016) This special issue was inspired by the HESI Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee’s Workshop: Genetic Toxicology at the Crossroads – From Qualitative Hazard Evaluation to Quantitative Risk Assessment

Applied genetic toxicology is undergoing a transition from qualitative hazard identification to quantitative dose–response analysis and risk assessment. To facilitate this change, the Health and Environmental Sciences Institute (HESI) Genetic Toxicology Technical Committee (GTTC) sponsored a workshop held in ...

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Next-generation testing strategy for assessment of genomic damage: a conceptual framework and considerations.

 

To enable the broader context for examining genetic damage, a next generation testing strategy needs to take into account a broader, more flexible approach to testing, and ultimately modeling, of genomic damage as it relates to human exposure. The outline of a flexible ...

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Standardized Cell sources and Recommendations for Good Cell Culture Practices in Genotoxicity Testing

Good cell culture practice and characterization of the cell lines used are of critical importance in in vitro genotoxicity testing. The objective of this initiative was to make continuously available stocks of the characterized isolates of the most frequently used mammalian cell lines in genotoxicity testing anywhere in the ...

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Analysis of Negative Historical Control Group Data from the In Vitro Micronucleus Assay Using TK6 Cells

The recent revisions of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) genetic toxicology test guidelines emphasize the importance of historical negative controls both for data quality and interpretation. The goal of a HESI Genetic Toxicology (GTTC) Committee workgroup was to collect data from ...

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Simulation of Mouse and Rat Spermatogenesis to Inform Genotoxicity Testing Using OECD Test Guideline 488

The Germ Cell Workgroup of the Genetic Toxicology (GTTC) Committee of the Health and Environmental Sciences Institute modeled mouse and rat spermatogenesis to better define the exposure history of the cell population collected from seminiferous tubules.

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